Academy of Management Annual Meeting Proceedings includes abstracts of all papers and symposia presented at the annual conference, plus 6-page abridged versions of the “Best Papers” accepted for inclusion in the program (approximately 10%). Papers published in the Proceedings are abridged because presenting papers at their full length could preclude subsequent journal publication. Please contact the author(s) directly for the full papers.

How do Followers see Their Leaders and Does it Matter?: Insights From a Person-Centered Analysis

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    In response to calls for theory integration and more in-depth analysis of destructive forms of leadership, pattern-centered analyses have emerged that suggest optimal and sub-optimal profiles. We broaden the range of leadership behaviors traditionally included in this type of analysis by including abusive supervision. We use a pattern-oriented approach to validate theoretically meaningful profiles based on the full-range model of leadership and abusive supervision using a sample of full-time employee’s perceptions of their managers. Three theoretically meaningful leadership profiles were established: optimal, passive-dominant and abusive passive dominant (Study 1). Furthermore, we used conservation of resources theory to examine how followers’ personal (i.e., physical health and psychological well-being) and work-related (i.e., burnout and affective organizational commitment) outcomes were associated with each profile on a separate sample (Study 2). As expected, optimal leadership profiles were significantly related to positive personal and work-related outcomes for employees; however, passive-dominant and passive-abusive dominant profiles were both significantly related to negative employee outcomes. Interestingly, the passive-abusive dominant profiles did not have significantly worse outcomes than the passive-dominant profile. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.

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