Academy of Management Annual Meeting Proceedings includes abstracts of all papers and symposia presented at the annual conference, plus 6-page abridged versions of the “Best Papers” accepted for inclusion in the program (approximately 10%). Papers published in the Proceedings are abridged because presenting papers at their full length could preclude subsequent journal publication. Please contact the author(s) directly for the full papers.

Structuring the Reflection Process: Why and How After Event Reviews Enable Performance Improvement

    Prior research has established the effectiveness of after-event-reviews (AER) in improving individual performance. However, theory is lacking as to how, and why this occurs. We propose that the structure provided by AER directs individuals’ attention while reflecting upon feedback towards: (a) specific elements of their performance; and (b) their own metacognition. Results of a lab study (N = 271) showed that structured reflection in an AER improved performance on a managerial simulation task whereas unstructured reflection did not, ruling out the alternative hypothesis that undistracted reflection time is sufficient to improve performance. A detailed analysis of reflections made by participants supported our hypotheses, suggesting that AER (compared to unstructured reflection) directs individuals’ attention differently, and that these differences mediate the effects of structured versus unstructured reflection on performance.

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