Academy of Management Annual Meeting Proceedings includes abstracts of all papers and symposia presented at the annual conference, plus 6-page abridged versions of the “Best Papers” accepted for inclusion in the program (approximately 10%). Papers published in the Proceedings are abridged because presenting papers at their full length could preclude subsequent journal publication. Please contact the author(s) directly for the full papers.

The Perpetuity of Overqualification and the Modifying Effects of Age and Gender

    The present study contributes to the overqualification literature by developing and testing a model that explains the perpetuity of overqualification. Our theoretical framework posits that overqualification has scarring effects, such that it is a relatively permanent feature of an individual’s career. The framework also proposes that age and gender are conditions under which the trajectory of overqualification is modified. Specifically, the persistence of overqualification is exacerbated as employees age, and for female employees. This is because older employees and female employees face both personal and organizational restraints that prevent them from moving out of an overqualified position over time. Our theory also suggests a three-way interaction such that older female employees are the least likely, and young male employees are the most likely to move out of an overqualified position over time. We found partial support for our theoretical model using 16 waves (1992-2008) of the British Household Panel Survey (n=12,130).

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