Academy of Management Annual Meeting Proceedings includes abstracts of all papers and symposia presented at the annual conference, plus 6-page abridged versions of the “Best Papers” accepted for inclusion in the program (approximately 10%). Papers published in the Proceedings are abridged because presenting papers at their full length could preclude subsequent journal publication. Please contact the author(s) directly for the full papers.

Linking P-E Fit with Performance in Different Time Windows: Disentangling Causal Relationships

    Published Online:

    Though the positive link between P-E fit and performance has been widely acknowledged in the literature (e.g., Hoffman & Woehr, 2006; Kristof-Brown et al., 2005), the exact nature of the relationship between fit and performance has largely remained elusive to date because of theoretical and methodological shortcomings in past research. Therefore, the present study aims to disentangle the causal relationship between P-O fit and P-J fit on the one hand, and task performance and OCB-O on the other, by simultaneously testing the normal causation hypothesis (i.e. P-E fit influences performance) and reversed causation hypothesis (i.e. performance influences P-E fit) in two different time frames (i.e. time lag of one week versus four months) based on a heterogeneous sample of 215 employees collected in Flanders, Belgium. Some support was found for both the normal and reversed causation hypothesis, although the specific effects depended on the time frame, the type of P-E fit, and the type of performance that were taken into account. Implications for the P-E fit - performance literature are discussed with regard to the nature of the relationship between fit and performance as well as the role of time in shaping this relationship.

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