Published Online:
Free first page


  • Artazcoz L., Cortes I., Escriba-Aguir V., Cascant L., & Villegas R. 2009. Understanding the relationship of long working hours with health status and health-related behaviours. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 63: 521–527. Google Scholar
  • Brett J. M., & Stroh L. K. 2003. Working 61 plus hours a week: Why do managers do it? The Journal of Applied Psychology, 88: 67–78. Google Scholar
  • Caruso C. C., Hitchcock E. M., Dick R. B., Russo J. M., & Schmit J. M. 2004. Overtime and extended work shifts: Recent findings on illnesses, injuries, and health behaviors. Washington, DC: U. S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. Google Scholar
  • Chung F. 2015. The country working itself to death. March 7, 2015. fnkgbb6w-1227252245840. Google Scholar
  • Ganster D.C., Rosen C.C., & Fisher G.G. 2018. Long working hours and well-being: What we know, what we do not know, and what we need to know. Journal of Business and Psychology, 331: 25–39. Google Scholar
  • Goh J., Pfeffer J., & Zenios S. A. 2016. The relationship between workplace stressors and mortality and health costs in the United States. Management Science, 62: 608–628. Google Scholar
  • Grundy S. M., et al.. 2005. Diagnosis and management of the metabolic syndrome: An American Heart Association/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute scientific statement. Circulation, 112: 2735–2752. Google Scholar
  • Hayashi T., Kobayashi Y., Yamaoka K., & Yano E. 1996. Effect of overtime work on 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 38: 1007–1011. Google Scholar
  • Kanai A. 2006. Economic and employment conditions, karoshi (work to death) and the trend of studies on workaholism in Japan. In R. Burke (Ed.), Research companion to working time and work addiction: 158–172. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar. Google Scholar
  • Kivimaki M., et al.. 2011. Using additional information on working hours to predict coronary heart disease: A cohort study. Annals of Internal Medicine, 154: 457–463. Google Scholar
  • Nakanishi N., Yoshida H., Nagano K., Kawashimo H., Nakamura K., & Tatara K. 2001. Long working hours and risk for hypertension in Japanese male white collar workers. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 55: 16–22. Google Scholar
  • Nakata A. 2012. Investigating the associations between work hours, sleep status, and self-reported health among full-time employees. International Journal of Public Health, 57: 403–411. Google Scholar
  • North S. 2014. Japanese workers fight against Karoshi, death from overwork. Red Pepper, 2014. Published online September 16, 2014. Google Scholar
  • OECD (2017). Average annual hours actually worked per worker. Data extracted on 29 Oct 2017 16:41. Google Scholar
  • Portegijs W., Van den Brakel M., Hartgers M., & Akkermans M. 2016. Monitor of Emancipation in The Netherlands. The Hague: Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau / Centraal Bureau voor Statistiek, [Emancipatie Monitor]. Google Scholar
  • Sasaki T., et al.. 1999. Effect of working hours on cardiovascular-autonomic nervous functions in engineers in an electronics manufacturing company. Industrial Health, 37: 457–463. Google Scholar
  • Spurgeon A., Harrington J.M., & Cooper C.L. 1997. Health and safety problems associated with long working hours: A review of the current position. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 54: 367–375. Google Scholar
  • Taris T. W., Schaufeli W. B., & Verhoeven L. C. 2005. Internal and external validation of the Dutch Work Addiction Risk Test: Implications for jobs and non-work conflict. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 54: 37–60. Google Scholar
  • Virtanen M., et al.. 2010. Overtime work and incident coronary heart disease: The Whitehall II prospective cohort study. European Heart Journal, 31: 1737–1744. Google Scholar
  • Virtanen M., et al.. 2012. Long working hours and coronary heart disease: A systematic review and meta-analysis. American Journal of Epidemiology, 176: 586–596. Google Scholar
  • Yang H., Schnall P. L., Jauregui M., Su T.-C., & Baker D. 2006. Work hours and self-reported hypertension among working people in California. Hypertension, 48: 744–750. Google Scholar


  • Ten Brummelhuis L.T., Rothbard N.P., & Uhrich B. 2017. Beyond nine to five: is working to excess bad for heath? Academy of Management Discoveries. doi: 10.5465/amd.2015.0015 Google Scholar
  Academy of Management
  100 Summit Lake Drive, Suite 110
  Valhalla, NY 10595, USA
  Phone: +1 (914) 326-1800
  Fax: +1 (914) 326-1900
Academy of Management