This article reports the results of a study examining the relationships among strategic charismatic leadership, organizational performance, and environmental uncertainty with primary data from a sample of 128 CEOs of major U.S. corporations. Drawing on 770 surveys from top management team members in these companies, objective stock market and accounting data, and an objective measure of environmental uncertainty, we found that organizational performance was associated with subsequent perceptions of CEO charisma but that perceptions of CEO charisma were not associated with subsequent organizational performance, even after we incorporated the potential moderating effect of environmental uncertainty.

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