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This field study examined the relationship of both actual similarity and perceptual congruence with job satisfaction and performance evaluation in 194 manager-subordinate dyads. Among other findings, congruence between the subordinate's description of the manager and the manager's self-description was significantly correlated with the subordinate's satisfaction. Congruence between the manager's description of the subordinate and subordinate's self-description was significantly related to the manager's evaluation of the subordinate's job performance.


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